Natural Beauty Care Guide

Basic Skin Care

Skin care consist of four basic steps:

  • Cleansing
  • Toning
  • Moisturising
  • Protecting


Regular cleansing is important not only because it removes dirt and grime but also because it aids the cell renewal process.

There are numerous cleansers on the market and they can be classified into two main groups:

Non-Lathering Cleansers:

These contain oil and water and an emulsifier to prevent them from separating. The creamier varieties are called cleansing creams and more liquid types are known as cleansing lotion. Non-lathering cleansers may be cleaned off with tissue or facial cotton or rinsed off with water.

The oil present in these cleansers also help to dissolve make-up them suitable for people with dry sensitive skin. However, they can add to the skinís oil and cause pimples if you have oily or acne-prone skin. So if you are using a non-lathering/make-up cleanser, make sure you follow up with a lathering cleanser.

Lathering Cleansers:

These may come as lotion, gel or a bar. They contain oil to disperse dirt, dead cells and skin oils together with a detergent to wash them all off.

Lathering cleansers may be soap-based or soap-free, depending on the type of detergent used. Soap is a mixture of animal or vegetable fat and alkali salt such as sodium cocoate or sodium taloate. Unfortunately, soap- based cleansers are alkaline and tend to leave behind a residue with hard water.

Most modern day lathering cleansers use synthetic detergents made from petroleum products. They are sometimes referred to as soap-free or soap-less cleansers.

Synthetic based cleansers are less alkaline than soaps and work equally well in hard water as well as soft water. Additionally, synthetic allow the pH to be adjusted near to the pH of skin so it does not damage the skin.

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